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Balkanium

History, Culture, Politics, and Travel in the Balkans, Turkey, and Cyprus

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Croatia

The First Croatia: A Medieval Memory and the People That Never Died

Modern Croatia only became independent in 1991, but although it may be one of Europe’s youngest states, it has existed in some capacity since the 10th century. The medieval Kingdom of Croatia only lasted roughly 200 years (925-1102), but ever since then, Croatia, under foreign kings and emperors and part of multinational states, has persevered. As a people, the Croats never disappeared, like so many other peoples that came and went throughout history. Continue reading “The First Croatia: A Medieval Memory and the People That Never Died”

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Croatia’s Roman Monuments

Croatia is replete with a rich cultural heritage of Illyrian, Roman, Ostrogoth, Byzantine, Venetian, Hungarian, Ottoman, French, Austrian, and Croatian legacies. Although a plethora of different peoples have lived in and ruled the region, the first great conquerors to hold Croatia, the Romans, still have a strong mark on the landscape, impacting both Croatian identity and tourism.

These sites have been honored by the modern Republic of Croatia, with the amphitheater at Pula being featured on the reverse of the Croatian 10 kuna banknote and Diocletian’s Palace at Split on the reverse of the 500 kuna banknote. The Roman sites have also contributed to Croatia’s burgeoning tourism industry, which has become a major source of income for the nation, bringing in millions of tourists a year. Continue reading “Croatia’s Roman Monuments”

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