“Kings in the Mountain: Myths from Germany and Byzantium,” 139 Medieval Magazine 31 (2020).

“A Journey to Byzantium: The Mountain Ruins of Mistras,” Timeless Travels (October 23, 2020), https://www.timeless-travels.co.uk/post/a-journey-to-byzantium-the-mountain-ruins-of-mistras.

“‘Kill Them All! God Will Know His Own.’ The Heresies of the Paulicians, Bogomils, and Cathars,” 138 Medieval Magazine 37 (2020).

“Jewel of Byzantium: The Hagia Sophia Through the Centuries,” 137 Medieval Magazine 20 (2020).

“Mystras,” Ancient History Encyclopedia (August 13, 2020), https://member.ancient.eu/Mystras/.

“Despotate of the Morea,” Ancient History Encyclopedia (August 11, 2020), https://member.ancient.eu/Despotate_of_the_Morea/.

“Despotate of Epirus,” Ancient History Encyclopedia (August 10, 2020), https://member.ancient.eu/Despotate_of_Epirus/.

“Thessaly and the Duchy of Neopatras,” Ancient History Encyclopedia (August 6, 2020), https://member.ancient.eu/Thessaly_and_the_Duchy_of_Neopatras/.

“Duchy of Athens,” Ancient History Encyclopedia (August 4, 2020), https://member.ancient.eu/Duchy_of_Athens/.

“Modern Greece and the Idea of Regaining Istanbul/Constantinople: Dreaming of Byzantium,” History Is Now (July 21, 2020), http://www.historyisnowmagazine.com/blog/2020/7/13/modern-greece-and-the-idea-of-regaining-constantinople-dreaming-of-byzantium#.Xx3iC5NKiuU=.

“Richard the Lionheart and the Accidental Conquest of Cyprus,” Historic UK (June 30, 2020), https://www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofEngland/Richard-Lionheart-Accidental-Conquest-Cyprus.

“Erdogan Fans Flames by Threatening to Convert Hagia Sophia into Mosque,” Greek Reporter (June 12, 2020), https://greece.greekreporter.com/2020/06/12/erdogan-fans-flames-by-threatening-to-convert-hagia-sophia-into-mosque.

Erdogan Fans Flames by Threatening to Convert Hagia Sophia into Mosque, Greek Reporter (June 12, 2020), https://greece.greekreporter.com/2020/06/12/erdogan-fans-flames-by-threatening-to-convert-hagia-sophia-into-mosque.

The Historical Memory of Constantinople, 567 Years After the Fall, Greek Reporter (May 29, 2020), https://greece.greekreporter.com/2020/05/29/the-historical-memory-of-constantinople-567-years-after-the-fall/?fbclid=IwAR0N-Yj0aBzZcQD6rGIIswSBhxU8Ktnoe-vrAq7i9L6cjTOpiXcOmvaog-U.

“Mediterranean Renegades: The Medieval Pirates’ Nest of Arab Crete,” 135 Medieval Magazine 47 (2020).

“Anna Komnene: The Purple-Born Historian,” 134 Medieval Magazine 64 (2020).

“Caught in the Crosshairs: The Four Wives of Leo VI,” 133 Medieval Magazine 6 (2020).

“Edge of Empires: A History of Georgia,” Ancient History Encyclopedia (February 7, 2020), https://member.ancient.eu/review/223/edge-of-empires-a-history-of-georgia/.

“Davit IV the Builder,” Ancient History Encyclopedia (February 5, 2020), https://member.ancient.eu/David_IV_the_Builder/.

“Byzantium’s End and the Twilight of the Middle Ages,” 132 Medieval Magazine 6 (2020).

“Queen Tamar,” Ancient History Encyclopedia (January 20, 2020), https://member.ancient.eu/Queen_Tamar/.

“Romanland: Ethnicity and Empire in Byzantium,” Ancient History Encyclopedia (January 9, 2020), https://member.ancient.eu/review/222/romanland-ethnicity-and-empire-in-byzantium/.

“The Ottoman Shadow in Turkey’s Libyan Intervention,” Diplomatic Courier (January 6, 2020), https://www.diplomaticourier.com/posts/the-ottoman-shadow-in-turkeys-libyan-intervention.

“Turkey’s Muddying of Troubled Eastern Mediterranean Waters,” Vocal Europe (January 2, 2020), https://www.vocaleurope.eu/turkeys-muddying-of-troubled-eastern-mediterranean-waters/.

“Armenians in Byzantium: The Story of a Medieval Minority,” 131 Medieval Magazine 6 (2019).

“A Century Later World Finally Awakens to the Ottoman Genocide of Christians,” Greek Reporter (December 15, 2019), https://greece.greekreporter.com/2019/12/15/a-century-later-world-finally-awakens-to-the-ottoman-genocide-of-christians/.

“Finally Recognizing the Armenian Genocide,” International Policy Digest (December 14, 2019), https://intpolicydigest.org/2019/12/14/finally-recognizing-the-armenian-genocide/.

When Death Docked in Constantinople,” 129 The Medieval Magazine 13 (2019), https://www.themedievalmagazine.com/past-issue-features/2020/8/5/when-death-docked-in-constantinople-by-michael-goodyear?fbclid=IwAR1GJoKMPUhmyOI_eWhMWBds2vbWn3b2fH-OBAMGFjTdPuGZpKLwctYXGys.

“Eminönü: Getting a Rare Glimpse into Old Istanbul,” Egyptian Streets (November 1, 2019), https://egyptianstreets.com/2019/11/01/eminonu-getting-a-rare-glimpse-into-old-istanbul/.

“The Wild East: Life on the Byzantine-Arab Frontier,” 126 The Medieval Magazine 26 (2019).

“Excluded But Not Forgotten: The Refugee Convention, Palestine, and Mostafa Bey,” Palestine Chronicle (June 20, 2019), http://www.palestinechronicle.com/excluded-but-not-forgotten-the-refugee-convention-palestine-and-mostafa-bey/.

“Empire of Nicaea,” Ancient History Encyclopedia (June 13, 2019), https://member.ancient.eu/Empire_of_Nicaea/.

“Syrian-Armenians and the Legal Snares of Armenian Citizenship,” Armenian Weekly (May 30, 2019), https://armenianweekly.com/2019/05/30/syrian-armenians-and-the-legal-snares-of-armenian-citizenship/.

“Empire of Trebizond,” Ancient History Encyclopedia (May 21, 2019), https://member.ancient.eu/Empire_of_Trebizond/.

“Syrian Lesson in American Foreign Affairs,” Modern Diplomacy (May 11, 2019), https://moderndiplomacy.eu/2019/05/11/syrian-lesson-in-american-foreign-affairs/.

“North Macedonia and the Uncertain Future of Syriza,” New Eastern Europe (May 9, 2019), http://neweasterneurope.eu/2019/05/09/north-macedonia-and-the-uncertain-future-of-syriza/.

“Book Review: A Cabinet of Byzantine Curiosities: Strange Tales and Surprising Facts from History’s Most Orthodox Empire,” Ancient History Encyclopedia (May 6, 2019), https://member.ancient.eu/review/213/.

“The Legacy of ISIS and the Need for Peace in Syria,” Egyptian Streets (May 3, 2019), https://egyptianstreets.com/2019/05/03/the-legacy-of-isis-and-the-need-for-peace-in-syria.

“The Prespes Agreement as Tsipras’ Achilles Heel,” The New Federalist (April 20, 2019), https://www.thenewfederalist.eu/the-prespes-agreement-as-tsipras-achilles-heel.

“The Specter of ISIS Lingers in Syria,” The Jerusalem Post (April 12, 2019), https://www.jpost.com/Opinion/The-specter-of-ISIS-lingers-in-Syria-586612.

“Adapting to Survive: How Byzantium Survived the Arab Invasions,” Ancient Origins (April 10, 2019), https://www.ancient-origins.net/history-important-events/byzantine-system-defense-0011723.

“Turkish Foreign Policy is Inflaming Greek Historical Memory,” Balkanist (April 9, 2019), https://balkanist.net/turkeys-foreign-policy-is-inflaming-greeck-historical-memory/.

“The Isaurians and the End of Germanic Influence in Byzantium,” Ancient History Encyclopedia (March 13, 2019), https://member.ancient.eu/article/1346/the-isaurians-and-the-end-of-germanic-influence-in/.

“The Law of War and the Road to Leaving Syria,” The Foreign Analyst (February 10, 2019), https://theforeignanalyst.com/the-law-of-war-and-the-road-to-leaving-syria/.

“Trump’s Withdrawal from Syria Is the Legally Correct Thing to Do,” The National Interest (January 8, 2019), https://nationalinterest.org/feature/trumps-withdrawal-syria-legally-correct-thing-do-40982.

“A Century Ago We Came Up with an Imaginative Way of Dealing with Refugees,” History News Network (December 30, 2018), https://historynewsnetwork.org/article/170807.

“A Forgotten Friendship: The Byzantine Empire and the Early Bagratids,” Georgetown Journal of History (Fall 2018), https://georgetownhistoryjournal.org/fall-2018-edition/.

“Selling Out Sovereignty: Lessons from the Greek Debt Crisis,” Michigan Journal of International Law (November 8, 2018), http://www.mjilonline.org/selling-out-sovereignty-lessons-from-the-greek-debt-crisis/.

“Romanos IV Diogenes,” Ancient History Encyclopedia (September 13, 2018), https://member.ancient.eu/Romanos_IV_Diogenes/.

“Constantine X Doukas,” Ancient History Encyclopedia (August 23, 2018), https://member.ancient.eu/Constantine_X_Doukas/.

“Isaac I Komnenos,” Ancient History Encyclopedia (July 27, 2018), https://member.ancient.eu/Isaac_I_Komnenos/.

“Michael IV the Paphlagonian,” Ancient History Encyclopedia (July 19, 2018), https://member.ancient.eu/Michael_IV_the_Paphlagonian/.

“The Differences Between Byzantine & Armenian Christianity,” Ancient History Encyclopedia (July 17, 2018), https://member.ancient.eu/article/1253/the-differences-between-byzantine–armenian-christ/.

“John I Tzimiskes,” Ancient History Encyclopedia (July 10, 2018), https://www.ancient.eu/John_I_Tzimiskes/.

“Nikephoros II Phokas,” Ancient History Encyclopedia (July 6, 2018), https://www.ancient.eu/Nikephoros_II_Phokas/.

“It’s Time to Rethink the Byzantine Legacy,” History News Network (July 8, 2018), https://historynewsnetwork.org/article/169277.

“Welcome to North Macedonia,” Le Monde diplomatique (June 19, 2018), https://mondediplo.com/outsidein/welcome-to-north-macedonia.

“Emperor Zeno,” Ancient History Encyclopedia (June 18, 2018), https://www.ancient.eu/Emperor_Zeno/.

“To Avoid a Syrian Quagmire: Turkish-American Compromise and Cooperation,” E-International Relations: Subaltern States (June 1, 2018), http://www.e-ir.info/2018/06/01/to-avoid-a-syrian-quagmire-turkish-american-compromise-and-cooperation/.

“The Turkish Constitution and the Achilles Heel of Emergency Powers,” International Affairs Review (May 3, 2018), http://www.iar-gwu.org/content/turkish-constitution-and-achilles-heel-emergency-powers.

“Condemn Genocide By All,” The Dallas Morning News (April 24, 2018), A8, https://www.dallasnews.com/opinion/letters-to-the-editor/2018/04/23/retiring-columnists-scott-pruitt-lillian-salerno-dallas-isd-trade-aremenians.

“Remember the Armenian Genocide,” Quad City Times (April 17, 2018), http://qctimes.com/opinion/letters/letter-remember-the-armenian-genocide/article_6f5b3643-ed9f-5044-af7e-77769a1c27d8.html.

“Turkish-American Relations and the Kurdish Thorn of Syria,” E-International Relations: Subaltern States (April 17, 2018), http://www.e-ir.info/2018/04/17/turkish-american-relations-and-the-kurdish-thorn-of-syria/.

“Paradigm Shift in Syria After Afrin,” Small Wars Journal (March 26, 2018), http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/paradigm-shift-syria-after-afrin.

“US Must Lead in Syria,” Quad City Times (March 10, 2018), http://qctimes.com/opinion/letters/letter-us-must-lead-in-syria/article_7cf9c17a-ac35-5863-b396-034d71aa06e2.html.

“A Way Forward for Greece and Macedonia?,” Le Monde diplomatique (March 8, 2018), https://mondediplo.com/outsidein/a-way-forward-for-greece-and-macedonia.

“The Shadow of Greek-Turkish Tensions and the Future of Cyprus,” International Affairs Review (January 6, 2018), http://www.iar-gwu.org/content/shadow-greek-turkish-tensions-and-future-cyprus.

“Unsafe Third Country: Greek Court Returns Syrian Refugees to Turkey,” RefLaw (December 9, 2017), http://www.reflaw.org/unsafe-third-country-greek-court-returns-syrian-refugees-to-turkey/.

“Turkey Is in ‘Dire Straights,’ ” Quad-City Times, October 2, 2017, http://qctimes.com/opinion/letters/letter-turkey-is-in-dire-straits/article_85d1f0e5-71bf-5597-b58f-089ae622d1ab.html.

“Kurds Can’t Be Ignored,” Quad City Times, A4, July 8, 2017, http://qctimes.com/news/opinion/mailbag/letter-kurds-can-t-be-ignored/article_b8fd0a26-b804-53c9-891e-95b5aa0fa437.html.

“From Embers to Flames: The Armenian Minority in Byzantium and the Annexations that Changed the Byzantine World,” 14 History Matters 34-56 (Spring 2017), https://historymatters.appstate.edu/sites/historymatters.appstate.edu/files/History%20Matters%20Volume%2014%20May%202017.pdf.

“The Emperor’s Historians: John Kinnamos, Niketas Choniates, and the Reign of Manuel I Komnenos,” Armstrong Journal of History (Spring 2017), https://www.armstrong.edu/history-journal/history-journal-the-emperors-historians-john-kinnamos-niketas-choniates-and.

“An Armenian from Macedonia: The Origins of Emperor Basil I,” 2 Vanderbilt Historical Review 32-40 (Spring 2017), http://vanderbilthistoricalreview.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/An-Armenian-from-Macedonia.pdf.

“Inside and Outside the Purple: How Armenians Made Byzantium,” Armstrong Undergraduate Journal of History (Fall 2016), https://www.armstrong.edu/history-journal/history-journal-inside-and-outside-the-purple-how-armenians-made-byzantium.

“Maturation of a Historian: A Conversation with Walter Kaegi,” 6 Chicago Journal of History 5-7 (Spring 2016) (with Hansong Li and Kevin Otradovec), http://cjh.uchicago.edu/issues/spring16/6.4.pdf.

“The Italian Policy of Manuel I Komnenos: Foreign Policy in the Cosmopolitan Middle Ages,” Chicago Journal of Foreign Policy (Spring 2015).

“Compromised Defense – The Conquests of Basil II,” 11 Michigan Journal of History 5-16 (Fall 2014), https://michiganjournalhistory.files.wordpress.com/2015/02/mich-jour-hist-v11-fall-2014.pdf.